Most Common Sleep Disorders

Can not sleep? Some of the most common sleep disorders are sleep apnea, insomnia, and snoring which avoid people to fall and stay asleep at night.

We all have experienced sleeping problems one day or another. However, if you have discovered that you can not sleep well on a regular occurence, it may be that you are experiencing a sleep disorder that you are unknown about.

Sleep disorders may keep you from falling asleep at night, as it interferes with sleep patterns.Sometimes a sleep disorder may be serious enough to even affect the physical, mental, social, and emotional functioning of an individual.

Some of the most common sleep disorders if you can not sleep are sleep apnea, insomnia, and snoring. Therefore, we would like to share with you the symptoms and causes for these sleep disorders. The good news for those that are suffering from a good nights sleep is that, no matter what the cause is, there are treatments available for each disorder. Keep reading and you will learn how you can help yourself!

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Types Of Sleep Apnea

Those who can not sleep may be experiencing one of the many sleep disorders known as sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder which causes you to stop breathing during your sleep, thus limiting the amount of air that reaches your lungs. Many people may be most familiar with obstructive sleep apnea, however, it is often unrecognized that there are other types of sleep apneas that a person can suffer from.


In total there are three types of sleep apnea.


Firstly, as mentioned earlier, obstructive sleep apnea is the most common from of all types of sleep apnea, as it accounts for 80% of all cases. Constructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the throat relax, causing the airway in the back of the throat to narrow down or close completely, thus blocking the flow of air while being asleep at night.

Secondly, there is central sleep apnea, which is a type of sleep apnea that is less common, as it accounts for only 20% of all cases. Individuals with central sleep apnea are physically able to breath, however, their brains are not allowing them to. Therefore, the main difference between obstructive and central sleep apnea is that one is more of a mechanical problem, while the other is a neurological problem.

Lastly, there is also a mixed type of sleep apnea, which is a combination of both obstructive as well as central sleep apnea.

Sleep Apnea Symptoms

One of the main symptoms of sleep apnea is that an individual will experience one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while asleep.

Furthermore, an individual may wake up several times a night due to oxygen deprivation. Waking up can occur a few times to even a hundred times a night, depending on how severe the condition is.

It has also been discovered that an individuals quality of life can be affected in the long run, through having difficulties in concentrating or even having the urge to fall asleep during the day.This is because individuals with sleep apnea may wake up numerous times throughout the night, even if they may not be conscious about it.

Other sleep apnea symptoms include snoring loudly and making choking noises while being asleep at night.

The sleep apnea symptoms mentioned above may even have negative consequences on your health, including high blood pressure, stroke, hearts disease, diabetes, and may even lead to depression.

Sleep Apnea Causes

Sleep apnea can affect anyone, however, specific causes may increase the risk of sleep apnea.

It is said that age can have an effect, which means the older you are the higher the risk. Family history, stroke, heart disorders and obesity can also increase the risk of sleep apnea. Other lifestyle habits may also have an effect, such as smoking or the excessive use of alcohol.

Treating Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea can be diagnosed through an in-lab sleep study test or a home sleep apnea test. Once you have been diagnosed for this sleep disorder, there are several ways in treating sleep apnea to help you fall as well as stay asleep at night, namely continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP), oral appliance therapy, and surgery.

The first way in treating sleep apnea is through CPAP therapy. This is a kind of therapy which keeps your airway open during the night by gently providing constant stream of air through a mask that you wear while sleeping. This kind of therapy will eliminate the breathing pauses caused by sleep apnea. This CPAP machine, the size of a tissue box, comes with a flexible tubing as well as a mask. The tube is connected to the mask, which is then placed over your nose and mouth. The amount of air pressure that is released for treating sleep apnea is determined by how severe your symptoms are, and by your doctor.

The second way to treating sleep apnea is through oral appliance therapy. This is a  device that fits in your mouth much like a retainer. This device is custom fitted by your doctor, for it to be the most effective. Treating sleep apnea can also be done through surgery, which is commonly an option if other forms of therapy do not help. Before considering surgery, it would be vital to ask your doctor what the success rates are for the surgery, the possible risks and side effects, as well as why this form of treatment would be better than others.

Types Of Insomnia

Another common experienced sleep disorder is insomnia, which is an episode in which an individual has trouble sleeping, difficulty staying asleep throughout the night, or waking up too early in the morning.

There are several types of insomnia, some of which include acute insomnia, chronic insomnia, comorbid insomnia, onset insomnia, and maintenance insomnia.

Acute insomnia is a short-term pattern of sleeping difficulties, which can last up to three months. Chronic insomnia, on the other hand, is a type of insomnia which is long-term. This means that an individual with chronic insomnia may have difficulties sleeping at least three times per week and may even last for at least three months.

Comorbid is a type of insomnia which occurs  due to another condition, such as anxiety or depression. Onset insomnia is when an individual experiences difficulties sleeping at the beginning of the night, while maintenance insomnia are those individuals who can not sleep well because of the inability to stay asleep at night.

Signs Of Insomnia

Signs of insomnia include difficulties falling asleep at night, waking up several times during the night and waking up too early in the morning. Other signs of insomnia include daytime disturbance symptoms, such as daytime tiredness, difficulties paying attention, as well as tension headaches.

These kind of symptoms may negatively affect many other aspects of your life, such as work performance as well as your personal relationships. Insomnia can even lead to ongoing worries about sleep, thus heightening distress.

Causes Of Insomnia

One of the most common causes for insomnia is age, as it is most common among older adults.

Other causes for insomnia may be stress.This can be due to a stressful life event, which may have something to do with a change in a person’s job, excessive travelling, or bad news.

People with critical and mental health problems, such as depression, can also increase the risk of insomnia.

Insomnia Treatments

If you have recognized signs of insomnia, one way of treating this can be through establishing a good sleeping hygiene. Together with your doctor, a fixed sleeping schedule can be created and a comfortable sleeping environment can be established.

Other insomnia treatments may be necessary if this does not help. Additional changes in your everyday habits, such as napping during the day and avoiding things like caffeine, alcohol, and eating a big meal going to asleep at night, can also help relieve insomnia.

If changing your sleeping patterns and every day habits does not seem to help, cognitive and behavioral insomnia treatments can also be an option. The aim of cognitive and behavioral therapy is to change the thoughts and behaviors that contribute to your insomnia. Furthermore, medication, such as sleeping tablets, may also be an alternative to treating your insomnia. This is most commonly used as a treatment method for those that are experiencing short-term insomnia.

Snoring

Snoring is a result of obstructive air movement while breathing during sleep. When air through the nose and throat can not move freely, tissues surrounding  your throat may vibrate, thus producing the sound of so-called snoring.

In some cases the snoring sound can be soft, while in most cases it can be extremely unpleasant and loud.

Cause Of Snoring

To reduce snoring, it is essential to understand the cause of snoring first.

The first reason could be due to excess weight. Carrying excess weight around the neck as well as throat can lead to the cause of snoring because the tissue is more prone to vibrating. Furthermore, as you age your throat becomes more narrow, which can lead to the risk of snoring. Men also tend to snore more than woman because they have narrower air passageways, which makes them more likely to snore. Often this is also hereditary, depending on the way you have been built.

Your sleep posture can also increase the likelihood of your snoring as it has been discovered that those individuals sleeping flat on their back tend to snore more. This is because the position of your tongue collapses into the back of your throat while sleeping in this position, thus blocking your breathing. Nasal problems may also make inhalation difficult due to blockage, making fast-moving air more likely to produce snoring.

Reduce Snoring

The good news is that there is a way to treat your snoring no matter what the cause is.

The first way to reduce snoring is through lifestyle changes, such as sleeping on your side rather than your back. However, if sleeping on your back is not the cause of your snoring, changing your sleeping position will clearly not help.

Other lifestyle changes to reduce snoring include doing exercise and losing weight to reduce fatty tissue in the back of your throat.

Quitting smoking, as well as avoiding alcohol, sleeping pills, and sedatives are also advised, as they tend to relax your muscles in your throat, thus interfering with breathing. It is also recommended to take a hot shower before going to bed to open nasal passageways if the cause of your snoring is due to a blocked nose.

Medical cures and treatments are also available if the self-help solutions mentioned earlier are not helping to reduce snoring. Oral appliance therapy can be used to change the opening of your airway so your tongue has enough room and does not collapse and obstruct your airway. This kind of therapy uses a device much like a retainer, which is used during your sleep.

Furthermore, one may opt for continuous positive airway pressure therapy, which is a machine that can be kept on your bedside table, that opens your airway through pressured air. This device, much like a mask, is worn over your nose and mouth. The same device can also be used for treating sleep apnea.  Surgical procedures can also be done, such as Uvulopalatoplasty and Thermal Ablation Palatoplasty, which stiffen or remove surrounding tissues to eliminate vibrations to reduce snoring.

Sleep Apnea, Insomnia And Snoring Overview

In short, if you can not sleep at night it may be that you are experieincing a sleep disorder that you are unknown about. The most common sleep disorders are sleep apnea, insomnia, and snoring.

three types of sleep apnea, namely obstructive, central, and mixed. Sleep apnea symptoms vary from waking up several times a night due to oxygen deprivation, as well as making snoring and choking noises. The causes of sleep apnea may be due to age, family history, as well as lifestyle habits such as smoking or drinking excessive alcohol. Sleep apnea can be treated through positive airway pressure therapy, oral appliance therapy, and surgery to help keep your airway open during the night.

Furthermore, there are also several types of insomnia namely, acute insomnia, chronic insomnia, comorbid insomnia, onset insomnia, and maintenance insomnia. The most common signs of insomnia are difficulties falling asleep at night, waking up several times during the night, and waking up too early in the morning. Other symptoms include daytime tiredness, difficulties focusing, and headaches. The most common cause of insomnia is due to age, but also lifestyle changes can lead to insomnia. The good news is that insomnia can be treated through establishing a good sleep hygiene and schedule, medication, as well as cognitive and behavioral therapy.

Lastly, snoring is the cause of obstructive air movement. This can be due to several reasons such as excess weight, age, nasal problems, or it may even be hereditary. Snoring is also caused due to specific sleeping positions. Snoring can be reduced by doing a few lifestyle changes such as sleeping on the side, doing exercise, losing weight, avoiding alcohol and tobacco, as well as taking sleeping pills. Snoring can also be treated through surgical procedures such as Uvulopalatoplasty and Thermal Ablation Palatoplasty, or through continuous positive airway pressure therapy.

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